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Borassus flabellifer aethiopum (Mart.) Dr. Al C. Carder, Giant Trees of Western American and the World (Madeira Park, British Columbia, Canada: Harbour Publishing, 2005) p. 130, Ferdinand von Mueller, Select Extra-Tropical Plants, (Sydney: Gov't Printer, 1881) P. 50. They grow swelling, solitary trunks to 25 metres (82 ft.) high, and 1 metre (3 ft. 3 in.) Jumelle and Perrier de la Bâthie (1913) describe in detail the differences between the two Madagascar taxa and state that B. sambiranensis is most similar to B. aethiopum. Plant collection, authentication and extraction The fruit of Borassus aethiopum (Figure 1B) was collected from Tsakoidzi in the Volta Region of Ghana. Fairchild Botanical Gardens, FL. http://www.palmbeachpalmcycadsociety.com/palms/documents/BorassusAethiopium.pdf, http://www.westafricanplants.senckenberg.de/root/index.php?page_id=14&id=214, https://www.palmpedia.net/wiki/index.php5?title=Borassus_aethiopum&oldid=152807, PALM SOCIETY OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA (PSSC), CENTRAL FLORIDA PALM AND CYCAD SOCIETY (CFPCS). The fan-shaped leaves are 3 metres (9.8 ft) wide with petioles 2 metres (6 ft 7 in) long; the margins are armed with spines. Kew Bulletin 62: 561-586. Borassus aethiopum is widespread and common in a number of African countries. It is an indigenous edible wild fruit tree of the Sahelian and Sudanian Zones in Africa. Genera Palmarum - Evolution and Classification of the Palms. In English it is variously referred to as African fan palm, African palmyra palm, deleb palm, ron palm, toddy palm, black rhun palm, ronier palm (from the French) and other names. Pollen monosulcate, elliptical, 49 – 71 μm long, aperture 37 – 71 μm long, polar axis 32 – 61 μm long; tectum perforate, sparsely covered with supratectal gemmae. The calyx of most staminate flowers (of either Asian or African species) is divided to the middle. Asmussen-Lange, W.J. Lewis. Detail of Staminate Rachilla with Several Flowers at Anthesis Emerging from Pits. It is considered as indigenous to Granite Lowveld as the palm is part of the natural vegetation and is characterised by a size-class distribution reflecting a stable population. & E.Z. Borassus sambiranensis is listed by the IUCN as endangered (EN A1c) due to habitat loss/degradation and suppression of regeneration by fire. in diameter at the base. (R.P. Borassus aethiopum is an unbranched palm growing up to 20 m tall, characterized by a crown up to 8 m wide; young palms are covered with dry leaf stalks, showing gradually fading leaf scars; trees over 25 years old have a swelling of the trunk at 12-15 m above the ground (at 2/3 of the While the colour characters can be difficult to employ in the herbarium, the petiole spines are easily identifiable. The leaves are used for thatch and weaving, though species of Hyphaene are generally preferred. The fruits and seeds of B. madagascariensis are the largest in the genus. Matt Bradford, Paul Denton, and Jeff Searle of Searle brothers Nursery Florida. were earlier identified from household heads in Gulu district as most preferred. Grant and Daniel Oliver, The Botany of the Speke and Grand Expedition (London: R. Taylor, 1875). The young plants are cooked as a vegetableor roasted and pounded to make meal. The palm is tapped for wine, though the process is different from that used in Asia as the apical bud is tapped rather than the inflorescences. Glossary of Palm Terms; Based on the glossary in Dransfield, J., N.W. Photo by Dave Proffer, Flamingo Gardens, Ft. Lauderdale, Florida, photo by Paul Craft, In habitat, Mvuu, Malawi. Vertical Section of Staminate Rachilla Showing Flower Buds in Pits. Description. Close-up of the crown of the male Borassus aethiopum tree in Indian River County, Florida (Zone 10a). Photo by Dr. William J. Baker, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Palmweb. AFPD. The tree was grown from a seed planted in 1959. Staminate flowers 0.2 – 0.7 cm long, exserted individually from the pits; bracteoles 0.8 × 0.5 cm; calyx 0.4 × 0.2 cm and shallowly divided into three sepals, petal lobes 0.15 × 0.1 cm; stamens 6 with very short filaments, 0.02 × 0.04 cm, anthers 0.02 × 0.05 cm; pistillode minute. Beccari (1924) separated the African and Asian Borassus species based on the degree of division of the calyx lobes of the staminate flowers. In male plants the flower is small and inconspicuous; females grow larger, 2 centimetres (0.79 in.) "Me With a gigantic fruit! (1988) Notes on Distribution, Propagation, and Products of Borassus Palms (Arecaceae).Economic Botany (1988) 42(3): 420-441. While several populations are in decline (Sambou et al. Fairchild Botanical Gardens, FL. Special thanks to Geoff Stein, (Palmbob) for his hundreds of photos. The green leaves — 3 to 4 metres (10-12 ft.) wide — are carried on petioles — 2 metres (6 ft. 7 in.) Photo by Dr. Ross P. Bayton. Borassus deleb Becc. Synonyms. In male plants, the small flowers are largely concealed within the scaly catkins; the much larger female flowers reach 2 centimetres (0.79 in) wide … Bayton. No type specimen was cited by Jumelle and Perrier de la Bâthie, though it could be Perrier 12069 (lower Sambirano valley) (Dransfield & Beentje 1995a). Uses: In some parts of Africa, Borassus populations are ‘managed’ by local people, while in other areas the palm is of minimal significance. Media in category "Borassus aethiopum"The following 176 files are in this category, out of 176 total. Borassus aethiopum is one of such plants with useful semen extending potentials. It is widespread across much of tropical Africa from Senegal to Ethiopia and south to northern South Africa, though it is largely absent from the forested areas of Central Africa and desert regions such as the Sahara and Namib. african fan palm; borassus aethiopum; african palm; west african palm; agriculture store; Reply to this topic; Recommended Posts. African Flowering Plants Database - Base de Donnees des Plantes a Fleurs D'Afrique. In English it is variously referred to as African fan palm, African palmyra palm, deleb palm, ron palm, toddy palm, black rhun palm, rônier palm (from the French). Phonetic spelling of Latin names by edric. The roots of this species are used as a mouthwash and as treatment for stomach parasites, asthma, and sore throat. SPFS sale 2009. A single tree of B. aethiopum can bear around 6 to 12 bunches of about 50 fruits per year. Photo by Dr. Ross P. Bayton/Palmweb. However, the transparent, membranous partitions between the calyx lobes tear easily. Borassus aethiopum is well adapted to fire and herbivory and prospers in areas with frequent burning and browsing. Jelly-like seeds of palmyra palm (Borassus flabellifer) fruit The tree yields many types of food. 1992; 2002), the palm remains common. They are as big as my head!" Rwebisengo, Bundibugyo, Uganda. Bayton. SPFS sale 2009. Uhl, C.B. Etymology: ‘Aethiopia’ was a general term used by the ancient Greeks and Romans for Africa south of Libya and Egypt. This specimen was originally grown from seed collected as Borassus sambiranensis, but the name has been lumped in synonymy with B. aethiopum. Fairchild Botanical Gardens, FL. Photo by Kyle Wicomb, With Phoenix reclinata. The study has revealed that Borassus aethiopum fruit extract contains terpenoids, flavonoids, steroids, alkaloids, phenols, saponins and tannins with flavonoid having the highest percentage. Caption (p. 242) mistakenly calls these "oil palms". The leaves have wider petioles with longer spines and more leaflets, and the staminate and pistillate rachillae are longer with more flowers. Borassus aethiopum is a common tropical fruit in Ghana, with health benefits. The fruit apex of B. aethiopum is flattened or depressed and an inverted fruit can sit on its apex without toppling. He wrote that they resemble B. aethiopum var. It also has a height of up to 100 feet (30.5 meters)[4][5][6] The fan-shaped leaves are 3 metres (9.8 ft) wide (larger, to 12 feet (3.66 meters) in the bottomlands form) with petioles 2 metres (6 ft 7 in) long; the margins are armed with spines. Conclusion: Borassus aethiopum is distinguishable from other South African palms based on stem, leaf and fruit characters. The material was authenticated at the herbarium of the Plant Development Department of the Centre for Scientific Research into PlantMedicines (CPMR), Ghana. However, this specimen could not be located and a modern neotype, collected in the Sambirano valley, has been designated. The plant produces fruits which contain sap in the mesocarp. 2007)/Palmweb. SPFS sale 2009. Fairchild Botanical Gardens, FL. There are at least two varieties of this species: var. 2008. Photo by Ryan D. Gallivan. Burkill (1997) has reviewed the uses of Borassus aethiopum in West Africa. Studies have shown that Borassus fruit pulp contains phytochemicals: fla-vonoids, alkaloids, triterpenes, steroids and sterols (cardiac glycosides), saponins, and phenols [3–7], as well as substan- : ‘ Aethiopia ’ was a general term used by the extending cotyledonary petiole ( Barot & Gignoux 1999.... 65Ft ) by Jibril enterprise, Yesterday at 09:28 AM in for Sale monospecific forest stands or a! Ft. Lauderdale, Florida, photo by Paul Craft, in habitat, Mvuu, Malawi cm diam. sepals... Encompassed almost all the variation exhibited by those fruits already encompassed almost all variation! Into account the full range of natural variation and seeds of B. aethiopum ( Beccari 1924 Dransfield! Exhibited by those fruits already encompassed almost all the variation in fruit size for the whole palm the!, undeveloped endosperm and cotyledonary stalks are consumed oil palms '' credit to Palmweb of Asian was... Are large ovoid drupes with diameter between 15 to 20 cm and petals 1 × 1.5 cm Palmarum. Ghana near Accra and includes both staminate and pistillate rachillae are longer with more.... Thickened above the ground Borassus taxonomy has been lumped in synonymy with B. aethiopum ( Beccari 1924 ; 1986a. Are preserved in European herbaria an indigenous edible wild fruit tree species of notable importance, in borassus aethiopum fruit,! Produce yellow to brown fruit resembling the coconut containing up to 30m high the! Holotype is missing ( Hepper 1976 ) single-stemmed palm up to 30m high the., the embryo is buried underground by the ancient Greeks and Romans for Africa south Libya... Virtue of its height above the middle after about 25 years the glossary in Dransfield, Dr. Baker! Grow swelling, solitary trunks to 25 metres ( 82 ft. ) high, and sore throat Pits! ) mistakenly calls these `` oil palms '' longer with more flowers ) reviewed. 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Tiny 6 foot fence behind it. see the whole genus account the range...

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